Brazilian Red Propolis: Origin, Chemical Composition, and Properties

Brazilian Red Propolis is a unique and highly sought-after variety of propolis, known for its vibrant red color and remarkable health benefits. This rare substance is collected by bees from specific plants, mainly found in the northeastern region of Brazil. In this article, we will explore the plants from which red propolis is harvested, its chemical composition, and its various properties.


Red propolis is collected primarily from the resinous exudates of the Dalbergia ecastaphyllum plant, commonly known as Brazilian red propolis plant or “rabo de bugio.” This plant species is native to the mangrove ecosystem and found along the coastlines of the Brazilian states of Alagoas, Sergipe, and Pernambuco.

Chemical Composition:

The unique chemical composition of Brazilian red propolis sets it apart from other types of propolis. It contains a diverse array of bioactive compounds, including flavonoids, isoflavones, chalcones, and prenylated benzophenones. Some of the most prominent compounds found in red propolis are vestitol, neovestitol, medicarpin, formononetin, and isoliquiritigenin. Additionally, it is rich in essential minerals, such as iron, zinc, and copper.


Brazilian red propolis has a range of therapeutic properties that make it highly valued in traditional and modern medicine. Some of the most noteworthy properties are:

– Antioxidant: The rich presence of flavonoids and other phenolic compounds in red propolis give it potent antioxidant properties, helping to neutralize free radicals and protect cells from oxidative stress.
– Anti-inflammatory: The bioactive compounds in red propolis have been found to possess anti-inflammatory properties, which can help alleviate symptoms of various inflammatory conditions, such as arthritis and asthma.
– Antimicrobial: Brazilian red propolis exhibits strong antimicrobial activity against a wide range of bacteria, fungi, and viruses, making it an effective natural remedy for various infections.
– Anticancer: Preliminary research suggests that red propolis may have potential anticancer properties, as some of its compounds have been shown to inhibit the growth and proliferation of cancer cells in vitro.
– Immunomodulatory: Red propolis has been shown to modulate the immune system, potentially enhancing the body’s natural defenses against infections and diseases.

In conclusion, Brazilian red propolis is a remarkable natural substance with a unique origin, chemical composition, and a wide array of beneficial properties. Its potential applications in medicine and health make it a valuable resource for further research and development.

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